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Appalachian Region
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What We Do

To monitor water quality, AR personnel survey and test streams within the Appalachian Region.

The Appalachian Region (AR) provides a variety of services, assistance, and products to states, academia, and the community. AR personnel work diligently everyday to ensure that the region is accomplishing the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement's (OSMRE) mission and implementation of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA) effectively and efficiently throughout Appalachia.

Reading Room

The OSMRE AR Reading Room provides a listing of publically available studies, publications, and other documentation about the various technical aspects of mining and reclamation processes within Appalachia.

Technical Disciplines and Subject Matters

  • Blasting

    • This technical discipline is an integral part of surface mining operations. To uncover coal reserves, the rocks overlying the coal are broken with explosives and excavated with various types of large earth-moving equipment.
  • Geographic Information System (GIS)

    • Geographic Information System (GIS) is a system designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage, and present all types of geographical data. A GIS can be thought of as a system that provides spatial data entry, management, retrieval, analysis, and visualization functions.
  • Hydrology

    • The Technical Support Division brings over 125 years of collective professional experience to surface and ground water quality and quantity issues. We conduct hydrologic investigations on active and abandoned surface and underground mines for reclamation, permitting and enforcement activities. Our primary focus is supporting state mining programs.

      Hydrologic assignments and projects require the utilization of a variety of specialized equipment. Learn more about the equipment used by our hydrologists our our Hydrology Equipment section.

      Visit the Hydrology Resources page for a collection of references and documents.

  • Impoundments

    • Visit the Impoundment Resources page for a collection of references and documents.

      Coal Waste Impoundments - Coal waste impoundments are constructed for the permanent disposal of waste coal, rock, and related material as a by-product of coal mining.

  • Mine Pools

    • A mine pool is the underground accumulation of water in the voids and fractures created by underground mining activities. It may be a pool that develops in a single mine or a cluster of mines that exhibit close hydraulic connection.

      Mine Pool Characterization Studies:
      Barnes & Tucker Lancashire 15, Brandy Camp, Fairmont Mine Pool, North Branch Potomac River Mine Pool, and Upper Little Conemaugh River Basin.

  • Mining

    • Mountaintop Mining - Mountaintop coal mining is a surface mining practice involving the: (1) removal of mountaintops to expose coal seams, and (2) disposing of the associated mining overburden in adjacent valleys, "valley fills".
  • Reforestation

    • Reforestation is the re-establishment of a natural forest system on formerly mined lands or other deforested sites. Forest reclamation of coal mined lands benefits the environment, economy, landowners, local community, wildlife, and improves carbon sequestration.

  • Software and Services

  • Abandoned Mine Land Inventory System (e-AMLIS)

    • The Abandoned Mine Land Inventory System is a computer system used to store, manage, and report on the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement's (OSMRE) Inventory of Abandoned Mine Land Problems. This includes both problems in need of reclamation and those that have been reclaimed.
  • AMDTreat

    • AMDTreat Logo

      AMDTreat (Pronounced: am'-D-treat or A-M-D-treat.), a member of the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement's (OSMRE) Technical Innovation and Professional Services (TIPS) suite of software, is a computer application forestimating abatement costs for pollutional mine drainage, commonly referred to as Acid Mine Drainage or AMD. (Also Acid Rock Drainage or ARD.) The latest software enhanchement included incorporation of the geochemical modeling capabilities of the U.S. Geological Survey's (USGS) PHREEQ computer program.

      AMDTreat can assist a user in estimating costs to abate water pollution using a variety of passive and chemical treatment types; including, vertical flow ponds, anoxic limestone drains, anaerobic wetlands, aerobic wetlands, bio reactors, manganese removal beds, limestone beds, oxic limestone channels, caustic soda, hydrated lime, pebble quicklime, ammonia, oxidation chemicals, and soda ash treatment systems.

      Interested in using the AMDTreat software? Visit the AMDTreat website to download the latest version.

  • Applicant Violator System (AVS)

    • AVS is an automated information system owned and operated by OSMRE. Information on applicants, permittees, operators, application and permit records, as well as unabated or uncorrected environmental violations of SMCRA are maintained in this nationwide database for OSMRE’s Federal and State programs.
  • Mine Map Index System

Page Last Modified/Reviewed: 9/6/17

Appalachian Region, OSMRE, 3 Parkway Center, Pittsburgh, PA 15220
(412) 937-2815 | Fax: (412) 937-3012 | Email:

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