U.S. Department of the Interior

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For More Information:

Mike Richmond

Branch Chief, ESTTB
(412) 937-2850

Contact OSMRE


Engineering Services and Technology
Transfer Branch (ESTTB)

The Engineering Services and Technology Transfer Branch (ESTTB) is composed of scientists and engineers of varying backgrounds. ESTTB provides technical support and technology transfer to our customers: the state regulatory authorities, the OSMRE Field Offices, OSMRE Headquarters, and academia. ESTTB is committed to objective and quality science. Technical expertise is available in the following fields: civil and mining engineering, blasting, and soil science.

ESTTB conducts scientific investigations to determine mining relatedness and effects; provides technical advice to its customers; teaches technical training classes; provides technical support to the TIPS program; performs special studies and oversees research contracts; and conducts technology transfer forums, workshops and other events.

Technology Development and Transfer (TDT)

One of the ways that the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSMRE) balances coal production with environmental protection is by providing resources for technical assistance, training, and technology development. These activities support and enhance the technical skills that states and tribes need to operate their regulatory and reclamation programs in order to effectively implement the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA). Learn More about Technology Development and Transfer (TDT)

Appalachian Region Technology Transfer (ARTT) LogoAppalachian Region Technology Transfer (ARTT) - The Appalachian Region Technology Transfer team is part of the national technology transfer effort of OSMRE. ARTT provides interactive forums and workshops, publishes and presents technical papers at state/regional/national conventions, workshops, symposia, and outreach efforts to accomplish the goals.

Federal Reclamation Program (FRP)

The U.S. Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSMRE) through the Federal Reclamation program (FRP) addresses abandoned coal mine (AML) sites within states and tribes that do not currently have their own program. The Appalachian Region through the ESTTB investigates and administers high priority and emergency AML projects in Georgia, Massachusetts, Michigan, North Carolina, and Rhode Island.

The Federal Reclamation Program funds work on investigating and abating AML problems in various states. The drilling shown above is being conducted to find an abandoned mine shaft located under a parking area adjacent to a bank located in Saginaw, Michigan.

The Federal Reclamation Program funds work on investigating and abating AML problems in various states.

In addition, the ESTTB through FRP also:

  • Provides advice to state or tribal AML programs on problem mining-relatedness, emergency and high-priority AML project design options and construction techniques;
  • Designs and implement projects in Federal program states funded by federal civil penalties collected from operators
  • Carry out projects funded from bonds forfeited by operators of federally-permitted sites

The program addresses environmental and public safety hazards that arise from coal mining. These AML problem types range from landslides, mine subsidence, refuse fires, mine fires, rock falls, dangerous highwalls and mine openings, mine drainage issues and mine blowouts. The ESTTB consists of engineers and physical scientists, geologists, and natural resource specialists who specialize in the abatement of all categories of abandoned coal mine related emergencies and non-emergency reclamation projects. Investigatory activities range from something as simple as a site visit to geotechnical investigations involving core drilling, sampling and mine level inspection utilizing a borehole camera. The Branch also responds to requests for technical assistance services on AML issues from other government agencies, municipalities, and individuals nationwide.

To report a potential coal mining abandoned mine land (AML) problem contact:
Mike Richmond,, (412) 937-2850, or

visit OSMRE's map to report problems/concerns to the respective state representative.

Borehole Video Camera

Part of ESTTB's technical assistance, OSMRE personnel use a borehole camera to evaluate a municipal well complaint in Tennessee.

Part of ESTTB's technical assistance, OSMRE personnel use a borehole camera to evaluate a municipal well complaint in Tennessee

The Federal Reclamation Program of OSMRE has performed more than 1,500 emergency reclamation projects. Emergency projects are eligible coal mine related problems, posing an immediate threat to the health, safety or general welfare of the public. These AML reclamation projects have involved landslides and unstable refuse lands, mine and refuse fires, hazardous mine entries, shafts and subsidence. During reclamation activities related to these problems, specialized borehole video camera work provides valuable engineering and geologic information.

The Borehole Video System (BVS) is lowered down three inch or larger boreholes and shafts to inspect the geology and structural integrity above abandoned mines. The system also inspects the interior of the underground mine opening that the borehole may penetrate. Fractures in the strata above the mine and the condition of mine pillars and roof are indicators of general geologic stability. The camera view of fractures and voids in boreholes provides information not available from core drilling or down-hole geophysics. Please also see our Borehole Camera section of the Hydrology Equipment page for more information on its use and capabilities.

For additional information, contact:
Mike Richmond,, (412) 937-2850.

Page Last Modified/Reviewed: 6/19/15

Appalachian Region, OSMRE, 3 Parkway Center, Pittsburgh, PA 15220
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